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ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

Biological treatment facilities complex of ANK Bashneft PJSC (Rosneft subsidiary)

Environmental care is an integral part of the corporate culture and social responsibility of Rosneft as the leader of the Russian oil industry and the world’s largest public oil and gas company. The Company sees its main environmental protection (EP) objective in effective management and minimizing the impact of its production activity on the environment, its preservation for the benefit of today’s and future generations.

The Company conducts on a large-scale basis the work for ensuring environmental safety, preservation and restoration of natural resources.

In order to achieve the best performance and strategic goal in the field of EP defined within the framework of the Rosneft-2022 Strategy, the Company within the framework of the functioning Integrated Health, Safety and Environment Management System (HSE IMS), implements the provisions of the adopted Policy in the field of EP and its supporting internal procedures, constantly improves approaches to environmental management, increases the scope of environmental activities and the necessary investments in EP, thus seeking to fulfill the following obligations:

  • give priority to the safety, preservation of life and health of people in relation to the results of activities;
  • ensure priority of preventive measures over the measures aimed at localization and elimination of accident consequences;
  • rational use of natural resources in the implementation of the Company’s economic activities, take measures for their protection, restoration and rehabilitation of disturbed areas;
  • reduce the level of negative environmental footprint from the Company’s economic activities;
  • ensure measures for the conservation of ecosystems and biodiversity, including in the implementation of offshore projects in the environmentally sensitive areas.

Fulfillment of these obligations is ensured by the implementation of the Company’s Environmental Efficiency Improvement Program aimed at the introduction of the best available technologies and regulating, in particular:

  • fulfillment of environmental obligations within the framework of current activities (land remediation, elimination of sludge pits, waste processing);
  • reduction of air emissions;
  • increase in the share of recycling and re-consistent water use, safe handling of reservoir water, implementation of water purification systems.

In addition to the activities under the Environmental Efficiency Improvement Program, the Company implements a large number of environmental actions aimed at improving environmental culture, implements measures to preserve biological diversity in the regions of its activities, and cooperates with a wide range of stakeholders in order to exchange experiences, develop the legislative framework and disseminate practices of responsible attitude to the environment.

The Company continuously monitors the achievement of the established EP goals in all Business Areas. If necessary, the Company develops corrective measures to ensure the implementation of the Company’s EP Policy, introduces voluntary mechanisms of environmental responsibility, such as voluntary liability insurance for environmental damage, and independent audit and certification for compliance of the environmental management system with the requirements of ISO 14001.

YEAR OF ECOLOGY 2017

In 2017, declared the Year of Ecology by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation, in accordance with the agreement concluded with the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation and the Federal Service for Supervision of Natural Resources (Rosprirodnadzor), the Company implemented eight priority environmental projects included in the Year of Ecology Main Activities Plan approved by the Government of the Russian Federation. The cost of these projects in 2017 amounted to RUB 29.7 billion, with the total planned investment of more than RUB 100 billion planned to be implemented until 2025. One of the specified projects is the construction of Eurasia’s largest biological treatment facilities complex of ANK Bashneft PJSC - “Bashneft-Ufaneftekhim” intended for treatment of industrial, rainfall and domestic sewage of the three refineries of ANK Bashneft PJSC, Ufaorgsintez PJSC, Cherkasy Pumping Station and enterprises of the Northern industrial hub of Ufa.

Commissioning of this complex contributed to increasing the volume of industrial and domestic wastewater treatment, ensuring the quality of wastewater treatment in accordance with regulatory requirements, increasing the reuse volume of treated wastewater by 2.5 times, which significantly reduced the negative impact of industrial wastewater of ANK Bashneft PJSC on the Belaya River. During the reconstruction, modern technologies were used to ensure the required quality of treated wastewater: membrane bioreactors, reversible electrodialysis, and reverse osmosis.

Within the framework of the Year of Ecology, Rosneft Group Companies of all Business Units held numerous events, including scientific and technical conferences, thematic festivals, competitions, campaigns for cleaning of specially protected natural areas, cleanups for cleaning the shores of water bodies, parks and forests throughout the country. Environmental service specialists of the Group Companies conducted environmental lessons for all Rosneft classes. “Health, Safety and Environment” Sections have been operated at six sites of the Cluster Scientific and Technical Conferences (STC) and at the Young Professionals Interregional STC.

The Year of Ecology ended with the 4th Corporate Congress of Ecologists. Congress participants presented reports on topical aspects of environmental protection, best practices and innovative solutions to environmental issues, summed up preliminary results of the Company’s subsidiaries, discussed problematic issues in the field of environmental protection, made proposals for their solution and the development of the Integrated Health, Safety and Environment Management System. The Congress was attended by managers and specialists in the field of environmental protection from more than 120 Company’s subsidiaries.

Regulatory authorities and the environmental community highly appreciated the Company’s contribution to EP during the Year of Ecology. At the 5th All-Russian Congress of Ecologists, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation awarded Rosneft with the Certificate for the Company’s Active Environmental Policy in the Year of Ecology, thus having noted the involvement of Rosneft in the implementation of environmental measures provided for by the tripartite Cooperation Agreement concluded with the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation and the Federal Service for Supervision of Natural Resources (Rosprirodnadzor).

At the solemn ceremony dedicated to presentation of the results of the Environmental Responsibility Rating of Oil and Gas Companies in Russia 2017 held by WWF Russia and CREON Agency, Rosneft was awarded an honorary diploma “For the Stable Reduction of Environmental Footprint in 2014-2017”. Thus, the competition organizers evaluated the large-scale environmental programs implemented by the Company.

Achievements in the field of the Company’s environmental activities were noted at the highest state level in the form of a letter of appreciation from the President of the Russian Federation for active participation and conducting events within the Year of Ecology in Russia in 2017.

In an effort to achieve leadership in the field of environmental safety among oil and gas companies, Rosneft does not stop at the results achieved and continues to develop corporate programs aimed at reducing the negative environmental footprint.

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION INNOVATIONS

As part of the Company’s Environmental Safety Innovative Development Program, the Company is implementing measures aimed at developing the environmental safety management system, including those implemented by the Institute of SamaraNIPIneft JSC for conducting environmental and economic expert examination of the designed and existing technical and technological solutions, elaboration of new recovery technologies, and their implementation in the Company’s production practice.

In the last reporting annual period of 2017, the Specialized Institute for Ecology established at the end of 2016 on the basis of SamaraNIPIneft JSC performed works on the development of a unified methodology for calculating the drilling waste generation norms; making changes to the design and estimate documentation of the drilling waste utilization technology on the basis of destructor sorbent with obtaining the conclusion from the State Environmental Expert Review; developing guidelines “Calculation of the Initial Maximum Price for Procurement for Rendering of Accidental Spills Elimination Services”; creation of the environmental technologies album; implementation of supervision over the disposal of drilling waste and reclamation of well construction sites.

In order to develop the Company’s scientific potential, employees of the Specialized Institute for Ecology presented reports at scientific conferences.

In addition, among the implemented target innovative environmental projects, the next stages of the project to develop and implement technology and energy-efficient equipment for the processing of oily waste and drill cuttings with the production of building materials and useful secondary products have been completed.

Research work on developing a new-class drug based on psychrophilic microorganisms for cleaning the waters of high-latitude seas started in 2014 is being continued. 

At this stage of the project implementation, about 100 microorganisms capable of utilizing oil and oil products at low (including negative) temperatures have been established.  

Innovative method of drilling waste disposal

In 2017, the Company started pilot operation of a complex of the drilling waste processing by injection into the formation on the territory of the Nizhnevartovsk District of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug. Its capacity is more than 140 thousand m3 of drill cuttings per year. According to the geological analysis results, three wells were drilled for pilot testing.

Currently, it is one of the most innovative and environmentally friendly global practices for the disposal of drilling waste in oil and gas production. Unlike traditional methods of sludge processing, injection into the formation eliminates the location on the surface of the drilling waste and their contact with the environment.

Also in 2017, the Company initiated a targeted innovative project to develop its own technology for the disposal of drilling waste on the basis of the basic technology available in the Group Companies for the production of artificial soils. The project is aimed at the transition from multiple local technological solutions for disposal of the drilling waste to a single technology adapted to the working conditions of the Group Companies with optimal cost, excluding environmental risks and dependence on external organizations.

INTERACTION WITH STATE AND PUBLIC ENVIRONMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS.  CLIMATE PRESERVATION

The Company’s employees participate in the development of information and technical reference books (ITRB) of the best available technologies. In particular, in 2017, they participated in the development of ITRB 28 “Oil Production”, ITRB 29 “Natural Gas Production”, ITRB 30 “Oil Refining”, ITRB 50 “Natural and Associated Gas Processing” approved by the Federal Agency for Technical Regulation and Metrology.

The Company’s employees take an active part in the complex exercises “Arctic 2017” organized by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation, EMERCOM of Russia and the Federal Service for Supervision of Natural Resources (Rosprirodnadzor). Thus, in 2017, such exercises were held on the basis of the sea ice-resistant stationary platform “Prirazlomnaya” and the coastal complex “Varandey”, during which the Company’s employees elaborated practical issues of localization and elimination of large oil spills and organization of interaction between companies.

Being a party to the UN Global Agreement, Rosneft is aware of the urgency of the problem related to climate changes and supports the measures to improve the state regulation of greenhouse gas emissions and prepare for ratification of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change. The Company takes part in forming the respective legal framework, thus striving to comply with the best global industrial indicators in this sphere of environmental protection.

In 2017, the Company’s employees actively participated in the events held by the Russian state authorities (Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation, etc.) dedicated to regulation of greenhouse gas emissions, including the issues related to decreasing the emissions in the public economy sector.

The Rosneft-2022 Strategy approved by the Board of Directors provides for the goal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

The current mechanism that allows the Company to contribute to limiting greenhouse gas emissions is the implementation of the corporate programs, including the Investment Gas Program and the Energy Saving Program, etc. As a result of their implementation in 2017, greenhouse gas emissions decreased by 2% compared to 2016, despite the emergence of new sources as a result of the acquisition of assets of ANK Bashneft PJSC.

When calculating greenhouse gas emissions, the Company follows the basic provisions of the “Guidelines and Guidance to Quantify Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Organizations Performing Economic and Other Activities on the territory of the Russian Federation” approved by Order No. 300 of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation dated 30 June 2015, as well as “Guidelines to Quantify Indirect Greenhouse Gas Emissions” approved by Order No. 330 of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation dated 29 June 2017.

BIODIVERSITY PRESERVATION

In order to preserve biodiversity in the regions of activity in the Arctic, the Company has been carrying out comprehensive research and expedition work at the Company’s Arctic license areas since 2012. The current state of the coastal areas and shores of the Arctic seas of the Russian Federation is estimated from the totality of all collected information.

Over the past 6 years, the Company has organized 18 complex research expeditions with the participation of specialists from Arctic Research Center LLC. During the expeditions, Rosneft conducts research in five Arctic seas. Special attention in the research program is paid to a comprehensive study of the ice situation, including the physical and mechanical properties of flat ice, hummocks, icebergs and producing glaciers. Leading Russian and world scientific and design organizations took part in the research. In addition, Rosneft has fully restored the system of meteorological observations in the Arctic.

In order to prepare environmental sensitivity maps, the Company organized aerial survey of the coastal zone of the Kara Sea in 2013 and 2014. The assessment of the current state of the coastal areas and the shores of the Kara Sea was carried out on the basis of the totality of all collected information. Maps prepared on the basis of these data are presented in the publication “Ecological Atlas. Kara Sea” (2017).

Since 2015, the Company has been implementing a program to preserve the biodiversity of marine ecosystems at Rosneft’s license areas located in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation. The goal of the Program is to ensure the safe development of the Arctic and to reduce the negative impact of economic and industrial activities.

At the current stage of the Program implementation, the target indicators in the field of EP until 2020 are defined, and an annual independent audit of their implementation is carried out.

The following results have been achieved through the Program implementation:

  • analysis of species diversity within the Company’s license areas with the allocation of groups of flag species of flora and fauna, which are indicators of the sustainable state of marine ecosystems. One of the major ongoing projects is the study of polar bears;
  • the Company conducts identification and minimization of environmental risks through the development and implementation of preventive measures;
  • a set of measures aimed at the conservation of biological diversity is being developed;
  • methodological, scientific, research and environmental measures are carried out in the course of geological exploration;
  • requirements for the ban on hunting and fishing at production facilities in the area of the Company’s projects implementation are observed.

In particular, in 2017, the following research and methodological works were carried out within the framework of the Program:

  • processing of field data on the study of habitats of polar bears and walruses on Wrangel Island, Bennet Island, Greater Oran Islands, desk processing of samples of biological materials obtained during the expedition “Kara-Summer 2016”;
  • developing methods of associated observations of impacts on marine mammals during marine geological and physical works;
  • developing a list of species serving as bioindicators of sustainable state of marine ecosystems at the Company’s license areas in the Arctic seas, publishing a brochure on biodiversity preservation in the Arctic.

Studies of environmental components, such as air, sea water, bottom sediments, hydrobiological and ichthyological parameters, as well as related observations of marine mammals and birds were carried out at 133 integrated stations of the four seas water area, i.e. Barents Sea, East Siberian Sea, Sea of Japan, and Laptev Sea. The data obtained made it possible to carry out ecological and fishery mapping of the water area of the license areas, as well as planning of geological exploration with the minimal environmental footprint.

In 2017, the following publications were prepared and issued: “Ecological Atlas. Laptev Sea”, “Marine Mammals of the Russian Arctic and the Far East” containing the key results of the Company’s work on the study of the polar bear population, walrus, and observations of marine mammals.

Polar Bear and Atlantic Walrus Projects

The Company pays specific attention to preservation and study of white bears. This is due to the fact, among other things, that the polar bear is one of the main types of indicators of the sustainable state of the Arctic ecosystems. In 2013, the Company took under its wing all white bears kept in all the country’s zoos, and in 2014, it started studying white bears within the framework of Arctic expeditions.

The main objective of the study of polar bear populations in the areas of prospective development of hydrocarbon deposits is to assess the current “basic” level of anthropogenic substances in animal body. For this purpose, scientists carried out a set of activities, including targeted helicopter surveillance and non-invasive collection of found biological material. There is also conducted morphometric data retrieval, bio sampling, labelling with collars equipped with satellite tracking devices for tracking animal movements.

During subsequent laboratory studies, scientists carry out molecular and genetic, toxicological, microbiological and hematological analysis of the bio samples taken during field works for assessment of the general state of health of the studied animals, and within the framework of the laboratory stage - analysis of international and Russian legal framework for white bear preservation, analysis of file data and the data accumulated by the Company. Biologists have developed a program for white bear monitoring, recommendations for minimizing the risk of anthropogenic footprint and prevention of conflict situations between human and the Arctic predator.

Within the framework of implementing the Biodiversity Preservation Program, the following scientific research and methodological works have been conducted:

  • processing of field data on the study of habitats of polar bears and walruses on Wrangel Island, Bennet Island, Greater Oran Islands, desk processing of samples of biological materials obtained during the expedition “Kara-Summer 2016”;
  • developing methods of associated observations of impacts on marine mammals during marine geological and physical works;
  • developing a list of species serving as bioindicators of sustainable state of marine ecosystems at the Company’s license areas in the Arctic seas, publishing a brochure on biodiversity preservation in the Arctic.

Rosneft and FSBI “Nenets State Nature Reserve” monitor the population of the Atlantic subspecies of walrus in the course of comprehensive geophysical studies in the Pechora Sea. The objective of the monitoring studies lies in assessing the possible impact of exploration activities on the population of the Atlantic subspecies of walrus with hauling grounds on the coast of the Matveev and Dolgy Islands within the territory of FSBI “Nenets State Nature Reserve”.

Within the framework of monitoring, the national park scientists conducted studies of coastal hauling of the Atlantic walrus with detailed counting of individual animals, determination of sex and age structure of the herd, and registration of behavioral specifics.

During the monitoring works in 2015-2017, it was managed to obtain a large volume of data related to frequency of occurrence and distribution of marine mammals, including the Atlantic walrus in the Pechora Sea.

Evenki Reindeer Project

Vostsibneftegaz JSC implements an annual grant program in the Krasnoyarsk Kray to support the research of scientists and scientific institutions of applied importance for Evenkiya.

The study within the framework of the Evenki Reindeer Project is of great importance for the Evenki and Taimyr Regions of the Krasnoyarsk Kray, since reindeer serves as the basis for the entire ecosystem of the Arctic North and one of the key components for the existence of indigenous population.

As a result of using collars equipped with the ARGOS satellite monitoring system and built-in GPS receivers, it was managed to obtain data on the full annual cycle of migration of wild deer in the territory of Evenkiya.

Analysis of the information collected in the course of research is scheduled for 2018. Its results will form the basis of recommendations for indigenous peoples of the North and local governments on the use of the wild reindeer biological resource.

Sakhalin Taimen Project

Sakhalin taimen is listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation and the Sakhalin Oblast in the category of “declining population of the Far East endemic species in need of protection”. In 2017, RN-Sakhalinmorneftegaz LLC implemented a project aimed at developing recommendations and carrying out measures for the conservation of this and other red book fish species.

Within the framework of the project, the company carried out a detailed morphological description of the Dagi River basin and estimated the population of the Sakhalin taimen in the river basin. The results of the conducted research evidence the good condition of the Sakhalin taimen concentration: the number depending on the type of land ranges from 0.028 to 0.164 per 1 m3. Observations were also made on the industrial and recreational fishing and poaching in the Dagi River basin and the Gulf of Nyi.

The accumulated scientific material on the current state of the Sakhalin taimen population in the Dagi River basin indicates that the population has not been significantly affected by the oil-producing infrastructure, and the greatest threat to the population is posed by poaching and uncontrolled fishing.

INTERACTION WITH THE SPECIALLY PROTECTED NATURAL RESERVATIONS.

Rosneft assesses and manages its biodiversity impact being guided by the key international and Russian norms regulating industrial and business activity of companies in the specially protected and environmentally vulnerable territories.

In accordance with its Policy in the field of environmental protection, the Company avoids implementation of activities within the specially protected natural reservations. In the event that production activities can still have an impact on the specially protected natural reservations, the Company is developing and implementing measures to reduce the impact, as well as conducting industrial environmental control and monitoring.

In accordance with the Company’s Register of the Specially Protected Natural Reservations (SPNR), the Rosneft Group Companies conduct regular industrial and environmental control which, among other things, take into consideration the impact of industrial assets on biodiversity. Based on the results of the control procedures, events aimed, among other things, at minimization of such impact on the part of the Company’s facilities, are implemented.

Within the framework of cooperation between Rosneft and the National Park “Russian Arctics”, the Company supported the project implementation for creating the system of alternative power supply of the base station of the said SPNR located near Cape Zhelaniya of the Severny Island of the Novaya Zemlya Archipelago by using mostly solar and wind energy. Implementation of this Project will contribute to successful addressing the tasks of FSBI “National Park “Russian Arctics” on the issues of preservation of natural complexes and objects of the Russian Arctic Regions having the special environmental, historical and aesthetic value.

Being aware that the Arctic environment consists of ecosystems with unique features and resources that need special protection, the Company took the initiative to adopt the Declaration on Environmental Protection and Biodiversity Conservation in the Exploration and Development of Mineral Resources of the Arctic Continental Shelf of the Russian Federation. Within the framework of this Declaration, Cooperation Agreements between Rosneft and the EMERCOM of Russia, the Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation, International Public Organization “Polar Explorers Association” (PEA), as well as the Non-Commercial Organization “World Wildlife Fund” have been concluded and are being implemented.

The document envisages the creation of common approaches to offshore operations, regular monitoring of changes in the natural landscape and seas of the Arctic, development of international cooperation taking into account the strategy of environmental protection of the Arctic.

For the purpose of implementing the Memorandum of Understanding between Rosneft and the Non-Commercial Organization “World Wildlife Fund” (WWF) of Russia signed in 2013, for the purposes of organizing cooperation and conducting a constructive dialogue in the field of environmental protection, including measures for protection of white bears and other Arctic fauna and the Roadmap signed in 2015 concerning the events to further enhance the dialogue on environmental safety issues, the following has been conducted:

  • joint working meetings and consultations on the issues of conducting events for studying of the red book animal species, preservation of biodiversity and ecosystems of the Arctic region, protection and rescue of animals and birds in the performance of works on localization and elimination of emergency situations at the Company’s facilities;
  • consultations on the exchange of experience on practical issues (interaction during the environmental impact assessment of the planned economic and other Company’s activities, including on the Arctic shelf, and the search for new environmental technologies);
  • conferences - International Conference “Marine Mammals of the Holarctic”;
  • working meetings to discuss the issues of conservation of walruses in the performance of economic activities at the Company’s license areas on the Arctic shelf within the framework of the Expert Advisory Group to Preserve the Atlantic Walrus.

As part of its cooperation with WWF Russia, Rosneft has been participating in the discussion of the methodology of the environmental rating of oil and gas companies since 2014, as well as publishing the necessary information on its activities in the field of EP.